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Kubernetes: Node Time Like Show Time

The title was initially 'Bring Back the Node', but I didn't think people would get the reference. Applause if you did!

Making a deployment in the previous post made a POD for our application to be hosted in.

($POD_NAME variable)

Pods are an abstraction that represent 1 or more containers and shared resources for them, like Volumes, what the page describes as

‘Networking, as a unique cluster IP address’ (Sounds exciting, like a distant relative of subnetting or vlans)

 and instructions on  how to actually run the containers.

A Pod can hold the application and something that is closely coupled to it. The example given is a Node.js app and the data to be read by it.

Pods hold containers, and the containers share an IP address / Port space
Are co-located and scheduled, and
Run in a shared context on the same Node.

When we create a Deployment, that Deployment creates Pods with Containers inside of them.

The hierarchy reminds me a bit of Forests/Trees. Or Matryoshka dolls.

Pods run on Nodes, a virtual or physical worker machine in Kubernetes, and is managed by the Master.

Nodes = Multiple pods, Master schedules pods automatically across Nodes in the cluster.

Every Node runs at least a Kubelet and a container runtime, that pulls the container image from a registry, unpackets it, and runs it.

I’m just going to link to the image they provide. It looks like a cell.


* Nodes hold pods and pods hold volumes and containerized apps.
* and there are some processes on the node.

Let’s troubleshoot with kubectl.

The syntax is kubectl [action]

- get [resource]; Lists resources
- describe; Show details about a resource
- logs; Print logs from a container
- exec; Execute a command on a podded container.
And those are what we’re going to be using in today’s tutorial!

Just putting in kubectl get with no specifics lists a lot of things.

Whoa nelly. 

adding pods gives us just the one.

But what’s in our pod? Describe it.

That’s not even all of the information!

Time to debug through a proxy in another terminal window.

We’re going to store this into the POD_NAME variable.

the curl request shows the output
{curl http://localhost:8001/api/vi/namespaces/default/pods/$POD_NAME/proxy}
The very long Pod name is in that variable, we don’t have to type it out, just $POD_NAME. Nice.

If there was more than one Pod, it wouldn't work.

What about our container logs? Let’s use
kubectl logs $POD_NAME

"Where are you running? WHERE are you running?"

Cool, now let’s execute a command.

The pod should be up and running, and we use the exec variable instead of get.

(env = enviroment variables, I think. I looked it up.)
(using SSL port 443)

Let’s start a bash in the Pod container with kubectl exec -ti $POD_NAME bash

Oh, we’ve moved to the root of our container! See the prompt over there?

 Now we can run the application with cat [where the source code is stored].
And check it again with a curl command. Close the container with an exit command.


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