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Server 2016: Disks, Volumes, File Systems (Text)

Today's Glossary:

GUID Partition Tables - Globally Unique Identifier for Software.
GPT is the short version of GUID Partitions Tables.
VHD(X)

Sector sizes you can check in the cmd line 📟 fsutil fsinfo sector info <drive>:



512 (Physical Sector)
512b 
512e (Evolution)
4k (Advance) (4096)

Cluster:
The smallest amount to hold a file possible.
File sizes should be even numbers or they'll use more space that doesn't fit neatly.
Defaults based upon partition.

Disks ---> If each are empty, they can convert to the other type.

MBR - Master Boot Record - Old.
GUID Partition (GPT), allows for big file sizes, beyond even 2 TB.

✅ Your Partition Style
1. R/C (Right Click) Start
2. Disk Management
3. R/C Disk Properties
4. Volumes, Partition Style

📟 Convert in CMD line
1. List Disk
2. Select Disk #
3. Clean
5. Convert GPT

↪ Create and Mount VHD(X)
1. Tools --> Computer Management
2. Storage, Disc Management
3. Select Volume (Active)
4. Create VHD
5. In the following menu, pick

  • Location & size
  • Format or fixed/dynamic 
    • Fixed space or dynamic space that takes up other unpartitioned space as needed.
6. Back in Disk Management, choose Initialize Disk
7. MBR or GPT, then ok.
8. R/C New Simple Volume, Create + Mount.


FILE SYSTEMS

NTFS - Old.

 ReFS - Resilient File System - Accelerated Options;

📃
 64 KB block cloning
 Low cost metadata that copies file bytes on behalf of an application
 Integrity checking.
Cluster bands
Data tiering and scrubbing
Built in Redundancy and Recover
Up to 1 TRILLION Terabyte support

However; It has No
Clustered Shares
Conversion capabilities
Encryption Support
8.3 Filename Support

Server Message Block (Windows) & Network File System (Unix)

↪ In Server Manager
File + Storage
           ↪ Shares
                  ↪ R/C
                       ↪New Share Wizard
Advanced Options are usually about share owners.

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